Provided by Manmohan IVF Center
In-Vitro fertilization is a highly advanced form of assisted reproduction technology (ART), specifically designed for infertile couples and those who have difficulty conceiving. “In vitro” means “within the glass,” and fertilization means “fusion of two gametes.” Thus, in vitro fertilization, also known as the test tube baby, involves the fusion of sperm and eggs outside of the body. During IVF, an egg is retrieved from the woman’s ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized egg, called an embryo, is then transferred to the womans womb to grow and develop.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an infertility therapy. It is a technique for in vitro fertilization in which an individual sperm cell is introduced into an egg cell. The main benefit of ICSI during IVF is an enhanced fertilization rate, which can increase the number of fertilized eggs available for transfer or freezing. For couples struggling with male factor infertility, ICSI can also increase chances for a successful fertilization under normal insemination (such as IUI).
Sonosalpingography (SSG), also known as Sion test. It is a diagnostic procedure primarily used for evaluating patency of Fallopian tubes. It was introduced as a screening procedure for infertility investigations. The procedure may become painful for some women. However, there is nothing to worry about. It can also be utilized to see inside the endometrium and endometrial cavity. Sonosalpingography (SSG) uses transvaginal sonography to confirm tubal patency by visualizing turbulence near the fimbrial end when a mixture of air and saline is injected through a Foley’s catheter placed within the uterus.
A hysteroscopy is a technique that looks inside the womb (uterus). A hysteroscope, which is a thin telescope with a light and camera at the end, is used for the procedure. Images are sent to a monitor, allowing your doctor or a specialized nurse to look within your womb. The hysteroscope is introduced into your womb through your vagina and cervix (entry to the womb), thus no incisions in your skin are required. A hysteroscopy can last up to 30 minutes in total, however it may just last 5 to 10 minutes if it is simply used to identify or explore symptoms.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure for treating infertility. Sperms which are preserved in the sperm bank, are directly inserted into a woman’s uterus around the time when the woman’s ovary release one or more fertilized eggs. Since insemination occurs during ovulation, it takes approximately two weeks after the procedure to determine if the treatment is successful after a positive pregnancy test.
Hydrotubation is the flushing sterile fluid into the utirine cavity through cervix, which then flows into fallopian tubes. It is widely used in the technique of hysterosalpingography to provide diagnostic information about the fallopian tubes when investigating infertility. Hydrotubation-only procedure can be done in women that refuse diagnostic laparoscopy.
Egg freezing, or oocyte cryopreservation, is a process in which a woman’s eggs (oocytes) are extracted, frozen, and stored as a method to preserve reproductive potential in women of reproductive age. The first human birth from a frozen oocyte was reported in 1986. Oocyte cryopreservation has advanced greatly over the past few years, with improved overall success of eggs surviving the freezing process. It is no longer considered an experimental procedure by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. The techniques leading to enhanced gamete survival, potential fertilization, and live birth rates allow women a much greater degree of autonomy than was possible even in the past 5 years.
Sperm bankers aren’t limited to sperm donors. People who have no plans to donate do so as well, especially if they are not yet ready to have a kid but know they want to one day. The process of sperm banking, also known as sperm freezing or cryopreservation, is an excellent way for couples (or single people) to preserve their chances of having a biological baby in the future, particularly if the partner with testes works in a high-risk profession or is about to undergo certain medical procedures or treatments.
The freezing of one or more embryos in order to conserve them for future use. In vitro fertilization, in which eggs are extracted from a woman’s ovary and joined with sperm in a laboratory to generate embryos, is used in embryo freezing. The embryos are frozen before being thawed and implanted into a woman’s uterus. Fertility preservation includes embryo freezing. It might be beneficial for cancer patients who wish to have children after undergoing radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or certain forms of surgery, all of which can induce infertility. Also known as embryo banking and cryopreservation.